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A glimpse of Life Centric songs of aboriginal Lodhas


Introduction

Jhargram is the beautiful not only for green forest but also for its ethnic group. There is peaceful co-existence of Santal, Munda, Sabar, Lodha, Kharia, and Mahali like tribe in the rocky soilof Jhargram. Their festivals, songs dances and above all livelihood differ Jhargram from from other part of the country. The Lodhas are off shoots of age-old Sabar and treated as Primitive tribe-group. They are still forest dwellers.


According to the linguistic the word ‘Lodha’ had derived from ‘Lubdhak’, which indicates hunter actually the Lodhas are hunting tribe. The British named them as ‘çriminal-tribe’ in 1916 as because they refused the English propoasal to quit jumgle. The said black-law was revoked in 1952 but still now they are forest-dwellers. They born, grow and expire in the woods. The Govt. of India identify them as most aboriginal under PTG(Primitive Tribe Group) category. Actions are being taken to back them in main-stream of the country. They are very poor and living on forest products.


Life based songs of Lodhas may be presented at first as under:

  • 1) Are parina pater jala saitey Chena gula jalay marey dena khaitey Marad parey ache mad gili patey Bal na didi kamney din katey

  • (sons-daughter are hungry and wanting food but their father is drunk how can be family survived)

  • 2) Anna bina mor deha thor gola Pagri porila jhorey hay rey pagri parila jhori atey belay bhokey mu kisa kore.

  • (what shall I do without food how can i work)

  • 3) Baney baney jatey chhili Dhakli gatay panas gach Chali chali khai dili Ki bhoy ki laj

  • (on the way of forest come across a jackfruit tree and eat ripe jackfruit to get rid of humger.)

  • 4) Alo chheler bhat go didi Mankey lagey na Chingrir khaley golay lapkaage Bhalo lagey na.

  • (sun dried rice and prawn are not pleasant for eating)

  • 5)Dibir dibir bajna baje Kiser bajna bajey Bara Raja tero Sepai Sikare sajey Dukkho harani rey—kala haraney re Dur boney palaye jabo cholo na rey Karo khanda khai nai Khai boner pata Tobu ashey ora Katbey hamder matha Dukkho harani rei...... Sikari sikar korey Gach taley thakey Char dike jal pata Jabi kon pathey Dukho harani rey kala harani rey Dur boney palaye jabo cholna rey.

  • (Drums are being beaten because twelve king are coming to our forest for hunting. Let us set out for distant forest. We are taking tuberous root as food having no permanent shelter but in spite of that they would torture us.)


Folklore Researcher.

Dr. Subrata Mukhopadhyay

Jhargram, West Bengal, India. 

Editor